The geological proof

The Earth is a living planet constantly changing its appearance. Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes can reshape its surface very quickly, while truly great changes take more time. Slowly, oceans form and dry up, mountain ranges appear and disappear, and just as slow is the movement of all the continents.

Humanity has always wondered what causes great geological changes on our planet and soon it became clear that they were not coincidental. Only in the late 1960s, after long decades and centuries of guesswork, was a theory developed that many scientists supported—the theory of close connections between all changes on planet Earth. This is the theory of plate tectonics, which explains that the Earth’s crust and the upper mantle are not a united whole but consist of seven large and several small solid lithospheric plates that float on thick liquid inner asthenosphere—a very hot, viscous substance that represents as much as 84 percent of the planet’s volume.

Lithospheric plates are formed in the middle of oceans, travel around the terrestrial globe, and finally sink and melt in the hot asthenosphere. In this process, the plates can move away from each other, rub against each other, or sink one under the other and form mountain ranges. It is assumed that there are several reasons why plates move around, but gravity and convection currents of molten rock in the mantle are believed to play the most important role in this. Plate tectonics has a big influence on all life on Earth because it causes climate changes and separates or unites flora and fauna on the moving continents.

One of the biggest unanswered questions remaining in geology refers to understanding the mechanism that makes these lithospheric plates move because it is obvious that it is not coincidental.

In the fourth world Life reveals a completely new theory that explains the mechanism of the movement of all seven great continental plates in an ingenious, but simple way.

Due to Earth’s rotation around its own axis its shape is not a complete sphere but a geoid—it is somewhat flattened at both poles and somewhat bulged at the equator. The Moon, Earth’s only natural satellite, balances the Earth’s rotation around its axis. But the Moon is constantly slowly distancing itself from the Earth, thus increasing the time it needs to orbit the Earth on its ever-lengthening trajectory. It is precisely the Moon’s movement away from the Earth that disturbs the balance formed when the planets rotate around their axes and travel on their trajectories; this disturbed balance is also moving the Earth’s axis. The change in the axis also has an effect on the position of the equator and as a consequence the changing of the geoid’s shape. Presently the point of the axis on the North Pole is moving towards Europe, while the one on the South Pole is moving towards the Pacific Ocean, which means that the equator in Africa is moving to the south and the equator on the other side of the Earth is moving to the north of the Pacific Ocean. A similar thing happens if we change the position of the axis in a spinning wheel. Because of the effect also known as the Coriolis effect the Earth is slowly but constantly changing shape. North Africa, which once lay on the equator, is sinking because of the movement of the equator towards the south, which means that it is getting wider and moving under the Eurasian plate. South Africa is rising with the movement of the equator because it is exactly the equator that represents the bulged part of the geoid. On the other side of the planet, the process is exactly the opposite because the equator is moving in the other direction, which is why the North Atlantic continent is rising and the South American one is sinking.

The fourth proof of Life is connected with the seventh proof.